Excel Tutorial For Beginners



Excel Glossary


Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Enter Credit Card Numbers In Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How To Make Gantt Chart in Microsoft Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: Pivot Tables

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: How to use IF function for logical calculation

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: How to use data filtering in MS Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Use Concatenate Function to Join Cells Together

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: How to create graphs in Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Insert Cells in Data Tables in MS ExceI

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Convert Values From One Measurement System to Another

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Convert Numbers to Text

Excel Tips For Noobs: How To Add Diagonal or Crossed Lines to a Cell

Excel Tips Tutorials: How to Make A Pie Chart in Microsoft Excel

Excel Tips: How to Solve Circularity Errors With Iterations

Excel Tips Tutorial: How To Use Vlookup in Microsoft Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to use SUMIF, COUNTIF and AVERAGEIF Functions in Microsoft Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Use Conditional Format in Microsoft Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Connect Links to Excel Worksheets

Excel Tips Tutorial: How To Write Formulas In Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Find and Replace Values in Microsoft Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: VBA Visual Basic for Application For Beginners in Microsoft Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Use Trim, Upper, Lower and Proper In Microsoft Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Convert a PDF File to Editable Excel File

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Use Pivot Tables in Microsoft Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Find and Select Content or Cells in Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Merge Styles and Themes of Old and New Excel Versions 2003 2007 2010 2013

Excel Tips Tutorial: Microsoft Excel Keyboard Shortcuts

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Draw a Line Through a Word in Excel - Strikethrough

Excel Tips Tutorial: Horizontal Text Alignment in Excel (General, Left, Center, Right, Fill, Justify, Center across Selection and Distributed)

Excel Tips Tutorial: Vertical Alignment in Excel (Top, Center, Bottom, Justify, and Distributed)

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Display Text at a 45 Degree Angle (Diagonal Text)

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to add a Background Image (Picture) to an Excel Worksheet

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Use Format Painter to Copy and Paste Cell Formats

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Use Cell Styles to Format Cells

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Change the Default Style of an Entire Excel Workbook Using Cell Styles

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Create Your Own New Cell Style in Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: Understanding and Applying Themes in Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Pin Important Excel File to the Recent Files List

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Add Folders to the Favorites List in the Open Dialog Box

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Save Excel Workbook Files

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Change the Default File Type to Save Excel Workbooks

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Open and Recover an Unsaved Excel File

Excel Tips Tutorial: Rules for Filenames in Microsoft Excel

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Print Only an Excel Chart without Printing out the Entire Worksheet

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Remove Formula Error-Checking Smart Tags

Excel Tips Tutorial: How to Stop Automatically Creating Calculated Columns in Excel Tables

How to Name an Excel Table

Excel 2013 Tutorial: How to Refer to a Named Cell as a Constant

Excel Concatenate Function Tutorial - How to Join Text in Excel

How to Use If Else If Function in Excel 2013 - Nested If Function in Microsoft Excel

Excel Worksheets Tutorial for Microsoft Excel 2013

Absolute, Relative and Mixed Cell Reference Excel Tutorial

Excel 2013 Tutorial Creating and Opening Workbooks in Excel 2013

Excel 2013 Tutorial The Function Library

How to Share Workbooks in Excel 2013 Tutorial

Save and Save As Excel 2013 Tutorial

How to Recover Unsaved Files in Excel 2013 with the Auto Saved Feature

How to Export Excel Files to PDF Other Different File Types

Basic Excel 2013 Functions Tutorial

Excel Tutorial How to Use Nested Functions

How to Use GoTo Special in Microsoft Excel 2013 Tutorial

Excel Page Layout Tutorial

Microsoft Excel Tutorial Page Breaks, Headers and Footers

Excel 2013 Tutorial How to Format Fonts in Excel

How to Create a Custom List in Excel Tutorial

Data Validation Microsoft Excel 2013 Tutorial - How to Restrict Entering Data in a Cell

Understanding Excel Charts Tutorial

How to Create a Basic Chart in Excel Step by Step Tutorial

How to Create and Use a Pivot Table in Microsoft Excel 2013 - Excel Pivot Table Tutorial

How to Pivot Data with Excel Pivot Tables Tutorial

How to Create a Macro in Microsoft Excel 2013

Microsoft Excel 2013 Worksheet Template Tutorial How to Create

Drop Down Lists Tutorial in Excel 2013

How to Reference Formulas and Data on other Excel Worksheets Worksheets Microsoft Excel 2013 Tutorial

Excel Data Forms Tutorial Microsoft Excel 2013

How to Insert Drawing Objects into your Excel Spreadsheets Microsoft Excel 2013 Tutorial

Excel LOOKUP Function Tutorial Microsoft Excel 2013

Excel Workbook and Worksheet Objects Tutorial

Excel Tutorial: Variables in Microsoft Excel Visual Basic Application (VBA)

Excel VBA Tutorial: If Then and Else Statement in Microsoft Excel (VBA) Visual Basic Application

Excel Events Tutorial: Visual Basic Application Evens in Microsoft Excel 2013


Excel For Noobs Tutorial: A Description of the Different Parts of an Excel Workbook

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: The Excel Ribbon Tabs, Commands and Buttons

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: How to Navigate Through an Excel Workbook

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: Types of Data and How to Enter Data into Excel

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: How to Erase Edit and Replace Data in Excel

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: Order of Operation

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: How to Use and Combine Formulas in Excel

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: How To Style Your Workbook Using Borders

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: How to Add Fill Color to a Cell

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: How to Format Font in Microsoft Excel

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: How to Align Text, Merge Cells, and Format Numbers

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: A Step by Step Creation of a Sales Report and Forecast

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: Conditional Formatting Introduction

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: How to Insert Charts, Chart Tools and Chart Formats For 2007, 2010 and 2013

Excel For Noobs Tutorial: How to use Page Layout and Print in Excel

Test



Absolute, Relative and Mixed Cell Reference Excel Tutorial

Cell reference is the address of a cell, that defines the location of the cell being referred.
A cell reference always starts in a alphabet i.e., Column reference.eg. A1, B1, C6 etc. A cell reference can be the name of the cell that we give. To give a name to a cell, select the cell and keep the cursor in “name box” and type the name that you want to give.

Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


In the above case the cell B2 can be named as discount by typing “discount” into Name Box with B2 selected.

Now type a number, say 1000 into B2.

Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


Then the cell name is discount and value in cell B2 is 1000. Then cell B2 can be referred as discount. Write a formula in D2 “=discount” gives the result as shown
Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


absolute and relative reference in Excel

By default excel uses relative reference.
Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


From the above table I want to multiply the value in B1 with each of the values in A2 to A6 and the result to be in B2 to B6.By looking at the formula bar it is obvious that B2=A2*B1 Now if the formula in B2 is copied to B3 (by copy paste / using Fill Handle on right lower corner)
Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


Relative reference ( Not suitable for this case) Formula in B3 became =A3*B2 which is not expected.(It should have been A3*B1)

This has happened because excel uses relative reference. (A2 is replaced by A3 and B1 is replaced by B2)

But to get the expected result, that is to multiply each of the value in A2 to A6 with B1, let’s give the absolute reference of B1 by using $ symbol as shown below (these $ symbols can be toggled by using function key “F4”)

Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


By doing so we are using absolute reference of B1. Now even copying the formula or using the fill handle gives expected result.

Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


Absolute reference (suitable for this case) But we have one more scenario where neither absolute nor relative reference work. There we need to use mixed reference.

Let us have a look at the table below.

We want to CONCATENATE the strings in 1st row and 1st column for each cell.

That is we want to set ”JAN-2010” in B2, FEB-2010 in B3 and so on

Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


If the formula is copied and pasted for the cells below B2, result is not the one we expected
Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


Erroneous result with relative reference

To correct this error we may give absolute reference of B1 in B2 as shown below (This will work for one column only)

Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


Absolute reference with $B$1 work only for one column in the above case
But for the purpose of calculations in C, D and E columns it will give error. But the one below (with absolute reference) will work for one row.

Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


Absolute reference with $A$2 will work for one row only in this case
Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


Erroneous result

Mixed reference in Excel Tutorial

So to fix this we need to use mixed reference as shown below

Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


In the above figure, if the formula [=CONCATENATE($A2,"-",B$1)] is copied to the cell right to B2: $A will not change because of absolute reference,2 will not change as it is the same row. B will change because of relative reference (No “$”), $1 will not change because of absolute reference. That is the actual requirement to get our expected result

Excel Cell Reference Excel Tutorial


In the above figure, when the formula [=CONCATENATE($A2,"-",B$1)] is copied to the cell below B2: $A will not change because of absolute reference,2 will change as the row is changed. B will NOT change because it is the same column, $1 will not change because of absolute reference. That is the actual requirement to get our expected result.




Score Some Savings! $7.99.com from GoDaddy.com - 120x40
Get Noticed - $7.99 .Com or .CO from Go Daddy!
Market your small business-Express Email Marketing